Range size evolution in gymnophthalmid lizards

By Agus Camacho 

Changes of just a few centimeters in the length of a limb, or of some grams in body weight, may correlate with changes in geographic range size of thousands of square kilometers. These striking relationships may have the key to understand why some...

Universal, easy access to geotemporal information: FetchClimate


By Matthew Smith

We dreamed up FetchClimate in around 2010 after years of painful experience by ourselves and our colleagues. Many Ecography readers will know the experience: you just need a bit of environmental information to go along with your research...

Putting insects on the map: near global variation in moth richness

by Liliana Ballesteros-Mejia‎ 

Despite their vast diversity and vital ecological role, insects are notoriously underrepresented in biogeography and conservation, and key broad-scale ecological hypotheses about them remain untested – largely due to generally incomplete...

Temperature tolerance at multiple scales

A chameleon grasshopper (Kosicuscola tristis) and alpine skink (Pseudemoia sp.), share a spot in the sun. As ectotherms, their body temperature is directly linked to environmental conditions, making them good candidates for studies on thermal tolerance....

Parasites in ecosystems: a call for appreciation of their non-trivial role in ecosystem biomass and energetics

Lake Hayes, New Zealand, South Island. One of the four lakes sampled during our study. Picture inserted show an amphipod host, Paracalliope fluviatilis, infected by the trematode parasite, Coitocaecum parvum. Note the proportionally large size of the...

How to combine species distribution models based on different descriptors of the environment

Specimens of Triturus pygmaeus, an endemic amphibian to the Iberian Peninsula, and environment in “San Pablo de Buceite” in 2011, Cádiz (Spain). Favourability model for T. pygmaeus in mainland Spain. Favourability ranges from 0 (white) to 1 (black)....

Evaluating methods to quantify spatial variation in the velocity of biological invasions

Close-up of horse chestnut leafminer, Cameraria ohridella. Hhoto credit: Gyorgy Csoka, Hungary Forest Research Institute,


by Andrew Liebhold

When invasive species spread...

Towards a more reproducible ecology

By Michael Krabbe Borregaard (mkborregaard [at] snm [dot] ku [dot] dk

and Edmund M. Hart (edmund [dot] m [...

ORCiD now mandatory for submitting authors

From March 2016, it is mandatory for the submitting author to provide an Open Researcher and Contributor ID (ORCiD) via our ScholarOne system. Co-authors and reviewers are strongly encouraged to also connect their ScholarOne accounts to ORCiD, but it is...

A difficult and new path into the future for North American trees? At least there's no ice in the way this time

By David Roberts

Many scientists have taken to looking back in time to learn about species adaptations to the future. And while not a perfect analogue for future changes, the past can offer lessons in species adaptive or migratory capacities. In this study, we sought...

Species On The Move, Tasmania 2016

The global redistribution of our planets’ species is widely recognised as a fingerprint of climate change, however, the mechanisms that underpin such range shifts are poorly understood. Additionally, the pervasiveness of range shifts, from poles to the equator, and depths of...

Cutting off rivers to salmon changes everything for a songbird

An adult American Dipper gathers aquatic invertebrate to feed its’ nearby nest on Barnes Creek, Washington, USA. Photo: Christopher Tonra


By Christopher Tonra

Salmon have enormous impacts on the ecosystems they inhabit, particularly riverine systems...

Towards an integrated theory of Biogeography

By Kevin Cazelles, Nicolas Mouquet, David Mouillot and Dominique Gravel

Debates are going on the extent to which ecological interactions spread over spatial scales. The absence of a clear answer to this particular problem casts doubts on the very popular Species...

Abiotic and biotic constraints across reptile and amphibian ranges


By Heather R. Cunningham


Does the relative strength of the abiotic and biotic factors limiting species distributions differ at poleward and equatorward boundaries?


It is well-known that...

Corals in a marginal environment rely on establishment over dispersal

Brooding species Stylophora pistillata. Photo credit Erika Woolsey.


By Erika Woolsey and Sally Keith

Lord Howe Island (31.5°S) is the southernmost coral reef in the world, sitting 1000 km south of Australia’s Great Barrier Reef (GBR), and...

Functional structure and specialization in three tropical plant–hummingbird interaction networks across an elevational gradient in Costa Rica


 By María Alejandra Maglianesi 

A primary aim of community ecology is to identify the processes that govern multispecies assemblages across environmental gradients. Ecological networks comprising interacting species of plants and pollinators are particularly...

Slicing up gridded data with geoknife

Figure 1: geoknife output from processing the PRISM dataset (Daly et al. 1994) according to ecoregion. Mean monthly precipitation for the month of May is shown here.

By Jordan Read


Downloading huge datasets for desktop processing can eat network...

When does competition matter at the large scales studied by biogeographers?

Editor's choice article for November 2015

By William Godsoe

Competition occurs when different living things harm one another. It is common in nature. As one example, the grass in my lawn becomes less dense when weeds run amok. But it isn’t clear...

Megafauna and ecosystem functions: learning from the giants

By Yadvinder Mahli

We live in the shadows of lost giants. Until relatively recently almost every major vegetated land area on Earth possessed an abundance of large animals that we now only associate with African game parks. Mesmerizing early art shows how much these...

Scared of a ghost: Why Newfoundland caribou migrate despite the disappearance of their historic predator

By Guillaume Bastille-Rousseau 


Migration in animals is one of the most spectacular biological phenomena on the planet. Theory predicts that, to evolve, the benefits of migration (in terms of lifetime reproductive success) should outweigh the costs of moving...


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