Megafauna and ecosystem functions: learning from the giants

By Yadvinder Mahli

We live in the shadows of lost giants. Until relatively recently almost every major vegetated land area on Earth possessed an abundance of large animals that we now only associate with African game parks. Mesmerizing early art shows how much these...

Scared of a ghost: Why Newfoundland caribou migrate despite the disappearance of their historic predator

By Guillaume Bastille-Rousseau 


Migration in animals is one of the most spectacular biological phenomena on the planet. Theory predicts that, to evolve, the benefits of migration (in terms of lifetime reproductive success) should outweigh the costs of moving...

Wind dispersal results in a gradient of dispersal limitation and environmental match among discrete aquatic habitats

by Zsófia Horváth, Csaba F. Vad, Robert Ptacnik


The Seewinkel region lies on the bordering lowland area between eastern Austria and western Hungary. It has sodic soil and several extremely shallow (<1 m) aquatic habitats, so-called soda pans were formed in...

The introductions of non-native fish species affect the isotopic structure of recipient communities across the globe

by Julien Cucherousset


Multiple anthropogenic pressures including the widespread introduction of non-native species threaten biodiversity and ecosystem functioning. Non-native species have been reported to induce ecological impacts...

Faster (and exact) phylogenetic diversity computations in R

By Constantinos Tsirogiannis and Brody Sandel

Some species assemblages represent a narrow section of the tree of life, while others include a broader swath. This difference can be quantified with phylogenetic diversity measures, which describe the diversity of an...

What determines Komodo dragon survival?

A Komodo dragon walks on the beach in Komodo National Park, Indonesia. (Photograph by Achmad Ariefiandy).


By Tim Jessop, Deni Purwandana, Achmad Ariefiandy and Claudio Ciofi.


Across islands, animals may experience marked local environmental...

There is strength in diversity!

Among individual variation exemplified by alternative colour morphs of the pygmy grasshopper Tetrix subulata (photograph by Anders Forsman).


by Anders Forsman and Lena Wennersten

A better understanding of the causes and consequences of the...

Modelling unicorns to improve our capacity to accurately model real species

Modelled distribution of a unicorn whose dispersal was limited to Great Britain and Ireland. Illustration SNGT.

In 1990, Stuart H. Hurlbert analysed the “Spatial Distribution of...

Geographical distribution, climatic variability and thermo-tolerance of Chagas disease vectors

A fifth-instar nymph of the blood-sucking bug Triatoma infestans placed inside the respirometry chamber (photograph by Diana Martinez Llaser).

by Gerardo J. de la Vega and Pablo E. Schilman

Several climate-based hypotheses have been proposed to...

Do ecological contrasts explain the effectiveness of conservation management?

Photo of common linnet (Linaria cannabina) photographed at Sallandse Heuvelrug, the Netherlands by J. Swiebe (

by Martijn Hammers

Some conservation programs are more successful than others, but we still have little understanding why...


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