General

Stressful climate reduces species richness, but not the diversity of tree strategies

Figure 1. Shifts in tree strategies along precipitation and temperature gradient in western USA. From left to right: Saguaro cacti (Carnegiea gigantea) in Arizona desert; cottonwoods (Populus fremontii) in Escalante (Utah);  redwoods (Sequoia...

What drives treeline elevation on islands?

Global distribution of oceanic island treelines (red), continental island treelines (blue) vs mainland treelines (grey). While the mainland treelines are characterized by a subtropical double-hump, island treelines produce a single hump in the tropics and are substantially...

Climate change and the lasting legacy of old vegetation plots

Figure 1. The eastern flank of Mont St-Joseph, in Parc national du Mont Mégantic, Québec. This photo was taken in spring, while deciduous trees (mostly sugar maple) were just leafing out (light green at low elevation). The dark green at high elevation is boreal forest,...

Herbivore damage increases avian and ant predation of caterpillars on trees along a complete elevational forest gradient in Papua New Guinea

Figure 1. Mt Wilhelm (4509 m a.s.l.; the highest peak of Papua New Guinea) hosts one the most complete and largely undisturbed forest elevational gradient in tropics. Here I took photograph of the upper part of the gradient, from 2000 m to the summit of Mt Wilhelm with its...

Using basic plant traits to predict ungulate seed dispersal potential

Poacae species germinating from roe deer dung in the wild. Photo by Christophe Baltzinger.

 

By Christophe Baltzinger and Aurélie Albert

Zoochory is a fundamental plant-animal interaction but, today, habitat fragmentation is decreasing gene flow...

Living on the drifting sea ice: polar bears walk on a food conveyor belt

Figure caption: Polar bears travel and hunt on the sea ice, a platform that can drift many kilometers per day. To understand their home range, and that of other marine species, we need to account for drift. Photo by Andrew Derocher

 

By Marie Auger-Méthé...

Increasing temperature may compensate for lower amounts of dead wood in driving richness of saproxylic beetles

Dicerca berolinensis favors sun exposed dead wood of European beech.

By Joerg Muller

Saproxylic insects are strongly influenced by temperature but also require specific dead wood features, and thus interaction between the two factors is likely....

Local human impacts decouple natural biophysical relationships on Pacific coral reefs

Remote coral reefs of the Pacific Ocean. Remote, uninhabited reefs such as these give us a glimpse into the natural structuring forces of ecological communities in a world without humans and highlight the important fact that not all coral reefs look the same. Natural...

Niche models and translocation experiments: do they predict different responses to climate change?

A metapopulation model had three stages: seeds, rosettes, and juveniles. The model included vital rates of Carlina vulgaris individuals when grown in their home territory. To incorporate responses of life history traits to climate change, these rates were altered...
 

Species’ roles in food webs show fidelity across a highly variable oak forest

Silk button galls formed by the gall wasp (Neuroterus numismalis) located on the leaves of European Oak. Photo by Riikka Kaartinen.
 

Pages

Subscribe to RSS - General