Author Guidelines

Submit manuscript 

Submit your manuscript online at:

There are no page charges.

Colour plates are published for free.

You can publish your manuscript Open Access (see below).

You can submit your paper in any format, but revised manuscripts should follow the below guidelines.

We strongly encourage authors to archive raw data at open data repositories.

Please avoid submitting LaTex files.

The Nordic Society Oikos' publication policy can be found here

Ecography has the following manuscript categories:

Original research papers present research focused on ecological and geographical patterns in space and time. Theoretically oriented papers are expected to synthesize and move beyond previous knowledge, preferably by suggesting new conceptual or methodological approaches to well-established problems. Among empirical studies, those that explore or test clearly stated hypotheses or theoretical predictions and attempt to generalize results to other systems are welcomed. Regular articles should be maximum 5000 words in length (main text) and maximum 6 figures, tables or boxes.

Forum papers are short empirical, conceptual, or theoretical papers about new and exciting ideas at the forefront of ecology and biogeography. Intellectually challenging papers taking original approaches, pushing or exploring the limits of the field, are favoured. Short papers taking a multidisciplinary approach are specially encouraged. Contributions in this category will be solicited by the editors. However, unsolicited submissions will also be considered and sent for pre-submission assessment by Forum editors. Forum articles should be maximum 3500 words in length (main text) and maximum 4 figures, tables or boxes.

Review & synthesis papers provide a critical assessment of the literature with emphasis on current topics in which rapid and significant advances are occurring. Items in this category should be more focused than the broad, topical reviews typically published elsewhere, developing a synthesis that inspires new hypotheses or new methods. Contributions in this category will be solicited by the editors. However, unsolicited submissions will also be considered and sent for pre-submission assessment by Review & Synthesis editors. Review articles should be maximum 7500 words in length (main text) and maximum 10 figures, tables or boxes.

Software notes (guide lines) announce new software or software already in use but not previously published in a peer-reviewed journal for the study of spatial and temporal patterns in ecology. Software Notes should provide a summary of the software that describes its benefits and potential application(s). Software Notes are published with high priority and the section is intended as an outlet for the very best software tools in spatiotemporal ecology. Products that are available only on a commercial basis will not be considered. Software note articles should be maximum 4000 words in length (main text) and maximum 2 figures, tables or boxes.

News and Views are comments on recent exciting original research in Ecography. Most items in these sections are commissioned by editors among the reviewers of an accepted article, but unsolicited contributions are possible providing they have been accepted by the EiC. The writing style should be light and constructive, and the "News and Views" should be written with a minimum of technical language and jargon. "News and Views" should not exceed 1500 words including text, author details, figure/table legends, and references, and will have a maximum of 15 references. 1-2 figure/table items are allowed. Contributed News and Views will be subject to streamlined peer review. News and Views articles are not technical comments or rebuttals. Rather, they should provide scholarly comments on recent research that emphasise the importance of the specific findings and the topic at large.


Brevia concisely present important new research results of broad significance. Brevia items should be written in a clear and accessible manner and the use of jargon and abbreviations should be avoided wherever possible. Brevia articles consist of a continuous main text without any sections or subheadings. They do not have have abstracts per se, but the first paragraph should comprise a short statement of the problem and a brief summary of the most important conclusions. Brevia have up to 1000 words including references, notes and captions, 1 figure or table, and no more than 15 references. Material and methods should be included in supplementary material, which should also include information needed to support the paper's conclusions.

Author Guidelines


Authors submitting a manuscript do so on the understanding that the work has not been published before, is not being considered for publication elsewhere and has been read and approved by all authors. The submission of the manuscript by the authors means that the authors agree to assign exclusive copyright to the journal should the manuscript be accepted for publication. Manuscripts that have been posted in a recognized preprint archive (such as arXiv and PeerJ PrePrints), can also be considered for publication, providing that upon acceptance of their article, the authors are still able to grant Ecography an exclusive licence to publish the article, or agree to the terms of an OnlineOpen agreement and pay the associated fee.


iThenticateBefore review, all manuscripts submitted to Ecography is checked with the iThenticate software to detect instances of overlapping and similar text. To find out more about iThenticate and CrossCheck visit

After submitting your manuscript you will receive a receipt with a tracking number. Please refer to this number in all correspondence with the Editorial Office.

Guidelines for manuscript preparation

Manuscripts must be written in English. All text, including tables, figure captions and reference list should be double spaced, with line and page numbers. Manuscripts should follow The Chicago Manual of Style and The CBE Manual for Authors, Editors, and Publishers.


Manuscripts can only be submitted online at: and does not have to follow the house style at submission. However, for revised manuscripts, the main document, including tables and figure legends is should preferrably be written in word/neooffice/open office/pages or similar open software. Preferred formats for figure files are: .eps .tif or high-resolution .jpeg

Title. The title should be brief and contain words useful for indexing and information retrieval. Think carefully about the title as a good and informative title will give you a greater readership.

Abstract. This should summarise the main results and conclusions of the paper. Should not exceed 300 words.

Text. Please include a title page containing the title and the author's name, address, and email-address. Orcid id ( is mandatory for the corresponding author. Scientific species names should be given the first time the species is mentioned in the text. Use SI-units as far as possible.

Illustrations. Tables and legends of illustrations should be written double spaced on separate pages. Tables and illustrations should be comprehensible without reference to the text. Do not use italic lettering.

Please submit figures as separate TIFF files or non-rasterised EPS files if possible. JPEG and PDF files is acceptable if they are of high resolution, make sure too zoom in to confirm this. Detailed information on digital illustration standards can be found at

Tables. Should be included at separate pages and double-spaced.

References. Please refer to a recent issue of Ecography when making the reference list. If a reference manager software is used, make sure to double-check the references and the reference list before you submit your manuscript. The reference list should be double spaced and arranged alphabetically on authors' names and chronologically per author. If the author's name is also mentioned with co-authors, then publications of the single author, arranged chronologically should be given first, then publications of the same author with one co-author, arranged chronologically. Publications by the same author(s) in the same year should be listed as 2013a, 2013b, etc. Do not refer to unpublished material.

Journal Article

Titles of journals should be abbreviated following Biological Abstracts.

In the text:
Haila and Järvinen (1983) or (Haila and Järvinen 1983).

In the reference list:
Haila, Y. and Järvinen, O. 1983. Land bird communities on a Finnish island: species impoverishment and abundance patterns. - Oikos 41: 255-273.

If more than two authors, in the text:
Lindsay et al. (2000) or (Lindsay et al. 2000)


In the text:
Mayr (1963) or (Mayr 1963).

In the reference list:
Mayr, E. 1963. Animal species and evolution. - Harvard Univ. Press.

Book chapters: Goodall, D. W. 1972. Building and testing ecosystem models. - In: Jeffers, J. N. R. (ed.), Mathematical models in ecology. Blackwell, pp. 173-194.

Appendices: Supplementary material may be posted as electronic appendices on the journal's appendix site.

Supplementary material must follow the guidelines given here: 

After acceptance

Average time from acceptance to online publication is around 4-6 weeks.

Authors will receive electronic proofs via e-mail, together with the Exclusive License Form (ELF).

Exclusive Licence Form. Authors will be required to sign the Exclusive Licence Form (ELF) for all papers accepted for publication. Signature of the ELF is a condition of publication and papers will not be passed to the publisher for production unless a signed form has been received. Please note that signature of the Exclusive Licence Form does not affect ownership of copyright in the material. (US government employees need to complete the Author Warranty sections, although copyright in such cases does not need to be assigned). After publication authors will retain the right to publish their paper in various media/circumstances (please see the form for further details).

No offprints will be supplied. Instead the corresponding authors will receive a PDF file to use at their discretion.

The articles published in this journal are protected by copyright, which covers translation rights and the exclusive right to reproduce and distribute all of the articles printed in the journal. No material published in the journal may be stored on microfilm or videocassettes or in electronic databases and the like or reproduced photographically without the prior written permission of the journal.

OnlineOpen  We offer our authors the possibility to publish their research Open Access via Wiley OnlineOpen. This option helps authors to spread their research to a wider audience by making their paper freely available for anyone to download and read immediately after publication. The current fee for OnlineOpen is $2000, but the fee can often be covered by your funder or institution.  Via Wiley we collaborate with many of the large funding bodies and institutions worldwide, e.g. RCUK and Max Planck. For a list of collaborators please click here.

Any authors wishing to send their paper OnlineOpen will be required to complete the payment form available from our website at:

Prior to acceptance there is no requirement to inform an Editorial Office that you intend to publish your paper OnlineOpen if you do not wish to. All OnlineOpen articles are treated in the same way as any other article. They go through the journal's standard peer-review process and will be accepted or rejected based on their own merit.