Author Guidelines

Ecography is a full gold Open Access journal. Read more about the transition to Open Access here.



To make the submission process easier, we differentiate between initial and revised submissions. Initial submissions can be in any file format providing they adhere to the following requirements:

  • Single column, double line spaced, with page- and line-numbers.
  • The manuscript should contain: Abstract, Keywords, Introduction, Material and Methods, Results, Discussion, Declarations, References, Figures and Tables with captions.
  • Make sure that no author information is present in the manuscript file, as we are using double-blind peer review. Upload a separate title-page with title, author information, abstract and key-words, which will not be included in the review process. If parts of Declarations contain author information, this part should be moved from the manuscript to the extra Title Page.
  • Make sure all references are complete and correct. Also make sure all references cited in the text are listed in the reference list and vice versa!
  • Check the PDF generated by S1M that equations and text and that all files are correct and complete before submission.
  • Statement of where you intend to archive your data (mandatory data deposition).
  • Author Contributions - Ecography mandates CRediT author contribution (Contribution Roles Taxonomy). This will be entered when submitting the manuscript and is only madatory for revisions. You can read more about CRediT here.



It is the mission of Ecography to advance synthesis in ecology by promoting an open and inclusive science that reflects diversity of approaches, taxa and environments. Ecography recognises that these aims can only be reached by welcoming submissions from authors of all origins, races, ethnicities, religions, ages, career stages, gender identities, sexes, sexual orientations, disabilities, or any other individual state. We request all authors to adhere to Best Practices in Equity, Diversity and Inclusion in Research as provided by their institutions, funding agencies or other sources.


Ecography sections:

Original research papers present research focused on ecological and geographical patterns in space and time. Theoretically oriented papers are expected to synthesize and move beyond previous knowledge, preferably by suggesting new conceptual or methodological approaches to well-established problems. Among empirical studies, those that explore or test clearly stated hypotheses or theoretical predictions and attempt to generalize results to other systems are welcomed. Regular articles should be maximum 5000 words in length (main text) and maximum 6 figures, tables or boxes.

Forum papers are short empirical, conceptual, or theoretical papers about new and exciting ideas at the forefront of ecology and biogeography. Intellectually challenging papers taking original approaches, pushing or exploring the limits of the field, are favoured. Short papers taking a multidisciplinary approach are specially encouraged. Contributions in this category will be solicited by the editors. However, unsolicited submissions will also be considered and sent for pre-submission assessment by Forum editors. Forum articles should be maximum 3500 words in length (main text) and maximum 4 figures, tables or boxes.

Review & synthesis papers provide a critical assessment of the literature with emphasis on current topics in which rapid and significant advances are occurring. Items in this category should be more focused than the broad, topical reviews typically published elsewhere, developing a synthesis that inspires new hypotheses or new methods. Contributions in this category will be solicited by the editors. However, unsolicited submissions will also be considered and sent for pre-submission assessment by Review & Synthesis editors. Review articles should be maximum 7500 words in length (main text) and maximum 10 figures, tables or boxes.

Software notes (guide lines) announce new software or software already in use but not previously published in a peer-reviewed journal for the study of spatial and temporal patterns in ecology. Software Notes should provide a summary of the software that describes its benefits and potential application(s). Software Notes are published with high priority and the section is intended as an outlet for the very best software tools in spatiotemporal ecology. Products that are available only on a commercial basis will not be considered. Software note articles should be maximum 4000 words in length (main text) and maximum 2 figures, tables or boxes.

News and Views are comments on recent exciting original research in Ecography. Most items in these sections are commissioned by editors among the reviewers of an accepted article, but unsolicited contributions are possible providing they have been accepted by the EiC. The writing style should be light and constructive, and the "News and Views" should be written with a minimum of technical language and jargon. "News and Views" should not exceed 1500 words including text, author details, figure/table legends, and references, and will have a maximum of 15 references. 1-2 figure/table items are allowed. Contributed News and Views will be subject to streamlined peer review. News and Views articles are not technical comments or rebuttals. Rather, they should provide scholarly comments on recent research that emphasise the importance of the specific findings and the topic at large.


Brevia concisely present important new research results of broad significance. Brevia items should be written in a clear and accessible manner and the use of jargon and abbreviations should be avoided wherever possible. Brevia articles consist of a continuous main text without any sections or subheadings. They do not have have abstracts per se, but the first paragraph should comprise a short statement of the problem and a brief summary of the most important conclusions. Brevia have up to 1000 words including references, notes and captions, 1 figure or table, and no more than 15 references. Material and methods should be included in supplementary material, which should also include information needed to support the paper's conclusions.



All manuscripts must be submitted at
You are welcome to submit your manuscript in any technical format. High-resolution files are not required for initial submission. Make sure that your manuscript is blinded for author information.

There are no page charges for publishing in Ecography, but there is an Article Processing Charge.

You will receive a receipt with a manuscript ID. Please refer to this ID in all correspondence with the Editorial Office.



Ecography will consider articles previously available as preprints. Authors are requested to update any pre-publication versions with a link to the final published article. Authors may also post the final published version of the article immediately after publication.


When submitting a revised manuscript, authors must provide publication-ready source files. The main manuscript file should be provided as word processor files (e.g., .doc, .docx, .odt, .rtf) with high resolution figures submitted as separate files. At this time, we require you follow carefully our instructions on formatting. Guidelines for submitting source files appear below. Only one manuscript text file should be submitted. The text file should include tables and figure legends. Figures and Appendices with supplementary material should be uploaded separately. You should also upload an additional file including track-changes as “additional file for review but not for publication”.


Manuscripts should be in British or American English. Be consistent throughout the manuscript. Linguistic usage should be correct. Avoid the use of the passive voice. Cite only essential sources of a theory or opinion. When possible, we encourage you to cite the original research rather than a review.


The title should be concise, informative and comprehensible to a broad scientific audience. Where possible, it should be a statement of the main result or conclusion presented in the manuscript. When formulating a title, you should bear in mind both human readers and search engines; including keywords in your title, for example, can help readers discover your article online. Do not include specialist abbreviations or authorities for taxonomic names in your title. The title should be brief and contain words useful for indexing and information retrieval. 


The first page should contain only the title and the author's name, ORCiD IDs (check carefully), address, and email-address. ORCiD id ( is mandatory for the corresponding author, and strongly recommended for additional authors. Page two contains the abstract, in which the main results of the work should be summarised. The abstract should contain less than 300 words. Begin the introduction on page three. Double-check the contents of your manuscript before submitting. Add page- and line-numbers to the text.


This includes acknowledging persons (authors or not) who have contributed to this paper. Here you can also state any monetary funding you have received or permits you have been granted. See example below.

  • Author contribution – Ecography mandates the use of CRediT author contribution (Contribution Roles Taxonomy). This information will be entered when submitting the manuscript and is only madatory for revisions. The CRediT author contribution statement will replace any Author contribution statement written in the manuscript file. You can read more about CRediT here.
  • Acknowledgements – Used to thank non-authors or organisations that facilitated the study. E.g. "Thanks to Joe Smith for help with the statistics and to Lisa Smith for drawing Figure 1."
  • Funding – E.g. "This study was funded by The International Fund for Ecological Research, grant no. 00543."
  • Conflicts of interest – E.g. "John Smith is employed by Ciba-Geigy."
  • Permit(s) – E.g. "Permission to handle our study animals was given by the International Society of Mammalogists, no. 000010004. Landowners Patricia and John Smith have kindly given their permission to work on their land."


References must follow the style of the journal. Titles of journals should be abbreviated. Check previous issues of the journal. If in doubt, give the title in full. Do not refer to unpublished material or personal communications. Check that all references in the text are listed in the list of references and that all references listed are cited in the text.

In the main text
References should be listed chronologically: (Smith 1999, Dunn 2000, Nilsson et al. 2017). Do not use semi-colons as separators for the references.

Reference list

The list of references should be arranged alphabetically on authors' names and chronologically per author.
If the author's name is also mentioned with co-authors the following order should be used: publications of the single author, arranged chronologically - publications of the same author with one co-author, arranged chronologically – publications of the author with more than one co-author, arranged chronologically.
Publications by the same author(s) in the same year should be listed as 2004a, 2004b, etc.
All references must be complete, containing author names, year of publication, title, journal title using standard abbreviation, volume, first and last page numbers or article number. For references to in-press articles include a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) number.
Reference lists not conforming to this format will be returned for revision.

In the list of references (double-spaced), the following usage should be conformed to:

Journal article
Haila, Y. and Järvinen, O. 1983. Land bird communities on a Finnish island: species impoverishment and abundance patterns. – Oikos 41: 255-273.

Atkinson, C. T. and Samuel, M. D. 2010. Avian malaria Plasmodium relictum in native Hawaiian forest birds: epizootiology and demographic impacts on apapane Himatione sanguinea. – J. Avian Biol. 41: 357–366.

Mayr, E. 1963. Animal species and evolution. – Harvard Univ. Press.

Goodall, D. W. 1972. Building and testing ecosystem models. – In: Jeffers, J. N. R. (ed.), Mathematical models in ecology. Blackwell, pp. 173–194. 


Tables and legends of illustrations should be written double-spaced on separate sheets. Do not incorporate the legend in the figure itself. Tables and illustration legends should be comprehensible without reference to the text. Do not use italic lettering.

Our preferred files are vector-images e.g. as: .eps or .pdf

Rasterised (pixelated) files are also welcome but have to follow the specifications below. Can be submitted as: .tif, .jpeg, .pdf and other formats.

All images (but vector-files) must be supplied at 300–600 dpi (print resolution), not 72 dpi (screen resolution). The 300–600 dpi resolution must be generated in the application used to create the image and at approximately the correct size. If your system cannot produce variable output resolutions, the image should be created at a larger size so that the effective resolution is increased when the image is scaled down by us.

Width: 8 cm (single-column), 12.5 cm (1.5 column) or 16.6 cm (double-column).

The quality of a low-resolution figure cannot be improved by simply increasing the resolution in graphics software. To improve the resolution of your figure, you must re-create the figure from the beginning.

Resolution below 300 dpi results in blurred, jagged or pixelated published figures.

The quality of your figures is only as good as the lowest-resolution element placed in them. If you created a 72 dpi line graph and placed it in a 300 dpi .tif, the graph will look blurred, jagged, or pixelated.

On figures, use only common sans-serif fonts, such as Geneva, Helvetica, or Arial. Letters, numbers and symbols must appear clearly but not oversized.

Be consistent throughout the figure with colours, line weights, and styles. Panels within the figure should be designated with lower case letters in parentheses (e.g. (a), (b), (c)...).

You cannot submit individual image-files with a size > 50MB

Colour figures are most welcome and will be published free of charge.



A title page including title, the author's name, ORCiD IDs (check carefully), address, and email-address, should be uploaded separately. ORCiD id ( is mandatory for the corresponding author, and strongly recommended for additional authors.



Supplementary material, i.e. images, tables, data or source code that are not part of the manuscript, can be uploaded and published as supporting information on the journal website. This material will not be edited, but published as received. Keep in mind to deposit key data for your paper in public repositories like e.g. Data Dryad (


Please note the following:

  • When submitting a revised manuscript, you must provide a final version of the supporting information. You will not be able to change/add/update or delete the supporting information once your manuscript has been accepted.
  • There is no cost for publishing supporting information.
  • Supporting information will not be edited, checked or controlled at all by the journal.
  • You do not have to publish any supporting information.
  • We reserve the right to decline publishing supporting information with inappropriate/offensive/unethical or misleading content.
  • Refer to the supporting information as “Supporting information” in the main text of the manuscript.
  • Do not refer to subsections or specific details in the supporting information file(s). Any reference of that kind will be removed.
  • Submit supporting information as separate file(s) and not as part of the main text.



Use SI units as far as possible. 


Binomial Latin names should be used in accordance with International Rules of Nomenclature.


Our detailed publication policies can be found in the NSO|OEO Editorial and Publishing policies file []. Our compiled policies cover various topics like conflict of interest, authorship, roles of editors, copyright and license policies.

We will follow recommendations by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE)

Short summaries of our policies for key issues can be found below. Download the complete set of policies here:



Authors submitting a manuscript do so on the understanding that the work has not been published before, is not being considered for publication elsewhere and has been read and approved by all authors. Manuscripts submitted to NSO journals will be checked using anti-plagiarism software provided by iThenticate.

Manuscripts are submitted to reviewers for evaluation of their significance and soundness. Authors will generally be notified of acceptance, rejection, or need for revision within two months. Decisions of the editor are final. 


Manuscripts should conform to recommendations for authorship provided by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (the Vancouver Group; see That is, authorship of a paper carries with it responsibility as well as credit. All those whose names appear as authors should have played a significant role in designing or carrying out the research, writing the manuscript, or providing extensive guidance to the execution of the project. They should be able to present and defend the work in a public forum. Honorary authorship is to be avoided. All authors must agree on both the submission and full content of any article carrying their name. Any violation of these conditions may represents academic misconduct and will be dealt with accordingly. 



Please make sure you have correctly selected the corresponding author, as it is stated on the manuscript. Note that an ORCiD ID is mandatory for corresponding author and strongly recommended for co-authors.

We accept one corresponding author only.


At submission, you are requested to declare any conflict of interest.



Ecography assumes authors of a paper have acquired any permits needed planning and executing the study reported in the paper.

Permits given shall be listed under “Declarations”.



Data archiving and registration of sequences – Ecography requires authors to deposit the data (and/or mathematical models and codes) supporting the results in the paper in an appropriate publically accessible archive, such as e.g. Dryad (, TreeBase, figshare, that guarantees preservation as well as a permanent identifier of the data (such as e.g. DOI-number or Genbank accession number). The permanent identifier should be provided by the authors or the archive, after acceptance of the paper. Data should normally be made publicly available at the time of publication, but may be postponed for up to one year if the technology of the archive allows it. Longer embargoes may be granted in exceptional cases after correspondence with the Editorial Office. Derived, summary data may also be archived. DNA sequences should be deposited in the EMBL/GenBank/DDJB Nucleotide Sequence Databases. An accession number for each sequence must be included in the manuscript. The Ecography submission system is integrated with Dryad and the journal will cover the Data Processing Charge if you decide to deposit your data there.

A list of suggested repositories can be found here:

How to cite data in a manuscript:

Data should be cited both in the text and in the References. When referencing data in the text put this as the last part of material and methods:

Data available from the Dryad Digital Repository: <> (Heinen et al. 2017).

In the References:

Heinen, J. H. et al. 2017. Data from: Extinction-driven changes in frugivore communities on oceanic islands. – Dryad Digital Repository, <>.

 If several data sources are used cite these as 2011a, 2011b etc.



If funding has been received for the study, it shall be listed under “Declaration” in the manuscript and have to be listed during the submission.



Manuscripts that have been posted in a recognized preprint archive (such as arXiv and PeerJ PrePrints), can be considered for publication, providing that upon acceptance of the article, the authors are still able to grant Ecography an exclusive license to publish the article, or agree to the terms of an OnlineOpen agreement and pay the associated fee.

If the manuscript is accepted for publication in Ecography, the authors are required to provide a link to the final manuscript alongside the original preprint version.



The decision to accept your manuscript for publication will be communicated by the EiC through email.

Manuscripts are edited to improve communication between author and reader. During this process, we may contact the corresponding author to request additional information.

Authors will receive electronic proofs. Correct only printer's mistakes.

No offprints will be supplied. Instead, corresponding authors will receive a locked PDF file to the use at their discretion. 



If a paper is accepted for publication, the author identified as the formal corresponding author will receive an email prompting them to log in to Author Services, where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be required to complete a copyright license agreement on behalf of all authors of the paper.

From 15th August 2019, all articles accepted and published in Ecography will be fully open access and published under CC-BY licence: immediately freely available to read, download and share. To cover the cost of publishing, Ecography charges an article publication fee (= APC). Ecography does not charge a submission fee. APC = US $2450 / £1850 / €2100. 

More information on article processing fees here. Several funders have unique agreements with Wiley, where part of the APC (Article Processing Charge) or the full APC is covered by the funder. Please read more here. In addition, Wiley offers waivers and discounts to corresponding authors based in developing countries. Read more here.




Ecography is active on several Social Media channels.

Authors to of accepted papers are encouraged to make contributions to blogs, Twitter, Facebook, in form of photos, a popular summary of the study and/or a short video.



We encourage you to contribute to Twitter/Facebook, please send an email to the Managing Editor with a short text and a few pictures of for e.g. your study organism, from the field or a good image from your paper. Make sure to include your Twitter-handle if you are active on Twitter. You are welcome to submit infographics. All these will help to promote your paper.


Blog posts

We encourage you to write a blog post, please send an email to the Managing Editor with popular scientific text along with some nice pictures of e.g. your study organism, or from the field or a good image from your paper, or any other relevant image that will attract attention to your paper. Please see examples here:

Blog posts are shared on both Twitter and Facebook.


Video abstract

Video abstracts are most welcome. You can either make a video abstract of the paper yourself, or let us make one for you (we are only just starting doing this as a trial). A video abstract can be anything from you looking into a web cam and talking about your paper, or by talking and showing some photos/slides while talking. Please see examples of video abstracts here:



If you would like to have an image selected as cover, please email the image to the Managing Editor along with a photo, credit/description and a signed cc-by form (can be found here), which allows us to use the image for promotion. Please see previous Ecography covers here


Questions and enquiries

The Managing Editor will provide answers to any questions you might have. Send an email to: <ecography [at] oikosoffice [dot] lu [dot] se>.